It is believed that music appeared together with people. Its oral form, that is, the song, was present in the life of our ancient ancestors. Modern scholars have suggested that music has been around for about 50,000 years. Now, firmly rooted in human hearts, it has become an integral part of our lives.
“Where words fail, music speaks.” Hans Christian Andersen
The first convincing evidence of musical experiments belongs to the Palaeolithic era when a person learned to make instruments from stone, bone, and wood in order to produce various sounds with their help. Later, the sounds were made with the help of a faceted rib of a bone, producing a sound which resembled the gnashing of teeth. Rattles were also made from skulls filled with seeds or dried berries. These sounds often accompanied a funeral procession.
The oldest copy of a musical instrument was found during excavations in Germany. It laid next to sculptures, which were dated around 35 000-40 000 BC. It was an ancient flute.
Music was an integral part of the life of ancient Greeks. Even its very name comes from Greek. Popular Greek musical instruments of the early times were:
The first Chinese instruments were the guqin - a plucked seven-string instrument and a bamboo flute. Traditionally, instruments in China were classified according to the material from which they were made. Even today there are stone, wooden, leather, silk, bamboo, pumpkin and clay musical instruments in China.
In India, music is inextricably linked with dance. This country is the birthplace of musical theater. The oldest musical instrument found in India is a basalt lithophone, which is 3,000 years old.
The images of string instruments are preserved in numerous cave paintings, most of which can be found in the Pyrenees. Thus, in the Cogul cave, a number of “dancing” figures that are “carrying bows” are displayed.
At this very time, the aerophone appeared - an instrument made of bone or stone, in the form of a rhombus or a spearhead. Threads were fastened into the holes in the tree and the musician ran his hand over these threads, twisting them. As a result, the instrument produced a sound similar to a hum. Most often, an aerophone was played in the evenings. The sound emanating from this instrument resembled the voice of spirits.
Ancient civilizations, such as Egyptian, Greek, Mesopotamian, Indian, and Chinese, have made an enormous contribution to the development of music and musical instruments. In ancient Egypt, the song lyrics were written in hieroglyphs on the papyrus and the walls of the tombs. Anthems to the gods and women's songs, crying over the dead, were the most popular subjects. The works of famous mathematicians and astronomers in the field of music theory have also been preserved. For example, in his works, Pythagoras called musical theory a "celestial harmony."
Music is still one of the most popular and beloved arts. It is difficult to meet a person who does not like it - there is a special style and favorite instrument in it for everyone.